RESEARCH

Publications

Hyun, S.*, Chen, S.E.* Wong, G.F.*, Levy-Carrick, N.C., Hahm, H.C., & Liu, C.H. (In press). Posttraumatic growth as a moderator between pandemic-related distress and mental health symptoms in U.S. young adults. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

 

Liu, C. H., Wong, G., Hyun, S., & Hahm, H. C. (2022). Concerns about the social climate, finances, and COVID-19 risk on depression and anxiety: An analysis on U.S. young adults across two waves. Journal of psychiatric research, 148, 286–292. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2022.01.048

Hahm, H.C., Hall, C.X., Garcia, K., Cavallino, A., Ha, Y., Cozier, Y., & Liu, C.H. (2021). Experiences of COVID-19-related anti-Asian discrimination and affective reactions in a multiple race sample of U.S. young adults. BMC Public Health, 21, 1563. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11559-1

 

Hahm, H. C., Ha, Y., Scott, J. C., Wongchai, V., Chen, J. A., & Liu, C. H. (2021). Perceived COVID-19-related anti-Asian discrimination predicts post traumatic stress disorder symptoms among Asian and Asian American young adults. Psychiatry research, 303, 114084. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114084

 

​Hyun, S., Wong, G., Levy-Carrick, N. C., Charmaraman, L., Cozier, Y., Yip, T., Hahm, H. C., & Liu, C. H. (2021). Psychosocial correlates of posttraumatic growth among U.S. young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry research, 302, 114035. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114035

 

Li, J., Kamal, K., Hahm, H.C., & Liu, C.H. (2021). Psychological impacts of the COVID-19 global pandemic on sexual and gender minority (SGM) young adults: Clinical and advocacy implications for SGM mental health disparities. Psychiatry research, 299, 113855. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113855.

 

Conrad, R., Hahm, H.C., Koire, A., Pinder-Amaker, S., & Liu, C.H. (2021). College student mental health risks during the COVID-19 pandemic: Implications of campus relocation. Journal of Psychiatric Research. PMID: 32745794; PMCID: PMC7387248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113345.

 

Hyun, S., Hahm, H. C., Wong, G., Zhang, E., & Liu, C. H. (2021). Psychological correlates of poor sleep quality among U.S. young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sleep medicine, 78, 51–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.12.009

 

Liu, C. H., Zhang, E., Hyun, S., Wong, G., & Hahm, H. C. (2021). Health-related quality of life among US young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: Psychiatric symptoms and emotional experiences to target within clinical practice. Annals of clinical psychiatry, 33(3), 232–240. https://doi.org/10.12788/acp.0033

 

Liu, C.H., Pinder-Amaker, S., Hahm, H.C., & Chen, J.A. (2020). Priorities for addressing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on college student mental health. Journal of American College Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1803882

 

Liu, C. H., Stevens, C., Conrad, R. C., & Hahm, H. C. (2020). Evidence for elevated psychiatric distress, poor sleep, and quality of life concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic among U.S. young adults with suspected and reported psychiatric diagnoses. Psychiatry research, 292, 113345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113345

 

Liu, C. H., Zhang, E., Wong, G. T. F., Hyun, S. & Hahm, H. C. (2020). Factors associated with depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptomatology during the COVID-19 pandemic: Clinical implications for U.S. young adult mental health. Psychiatry Research (290). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113172

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Pandemic Asian Discrimination Scale

A measure regarding pandemic-related discrimination against Asians and Asian Americans was developed by the CARES 2020 Project (COVID-19 Adult Resilience Experiences Study) to better understand the prevalence of anti-Asian discrimination during the COVID-19 pandemic. Researchers are welcome to use these measures within their research studies and may disseminate the instruments using a paper or online format. Should researchers choose to use these instruments, please maintain the integrity of instructions and items.

 

This measure should not be used for clinical purposes nor should it be used to inform clinical decision-making. Future evaluations are necessary to further establish its psychometric properties.

 

We are eager to learn about your findings and are open to future research collaborations. Should you choose to use the following measures, please contact the developers of these instruments by emailing Dr. Cindy H. Liu (chliu@bwh.harvard.edu) and Dr. Hyeouk “Chris” Hahm (hahm@bu.edu) with the following information:

  • Principal Investigator(s); Purpose of Research Study; Study Population; Study Location

Suggested Citation: Liu, C.H., Zhang, E. & Hahm, H.C. (2020). COVID-19-Related Discrimination Scale.

Download a PDF of our scoring for the Pandemic Asian Discrimination Scale here.

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COVID-19-Related Worry and Grief Scales

Two brief measures regarding COVID-19-related experiences have been developed to better understand the psychological impact on individuals. The COVID-19-related worry scale is a 6-item measure that assesses individuals’ levels of worry in regard to common COVID-19 concerns, such as being able to obtain testing and treatment for COVID-19, maintaining employment and financial stability, and keeping in touch with loved ones despite social distancing guidelines. COVID-19-related grief scale is a 6-item measure that assesses feelings of grief and loss related to the pandemic, such as loss of daily routine or feeling stunned or dazed over what happened.

Researchers are welcome to use these measures within their research studies and may disseminate the instruments using a paper or online format. Should researchers choose to use these instruments, please maintain the integrity of instructions and items.

These measures should not be used for clinical purposes nor should they be used to inform clinical decision-making. Future evaluations are necessary to further establish the psychometric properties of each measure.

We are eager to learn about your findings and are open to future research collaborations. Should you choose to use the following measures, please contact the developers of these instruments by emailing Dr. Cindy H. Liu (chliu@bwh.harvard.edu) and Dr. Hyeouk “Chris” Hahm (hahm@bu.edu) with the following information:

• Principal Investigator(s); Purpose of Research Study; Study Population; Study Location

Suggested Citation: Liu, C.H., Zhang, E. & Hahm, H.C. (2020). COVID-19-Related Worry and Grief Scales.

Download a PDF of our scoring for the following scales here.